Sabtu, 15 April 2017

Akhiran Hood Dalam Bahasa Inggris

Salah satu cara membentuk nomina dalam bahasa Inggris adalah menambahkan akhiran -hood pada nomina lain atau adjektif. Nomina yang mendapat akhiran -hood biasanya menyatakan :
1. Hubungan seseorang dengan keluarganya
2. Umurnya
3. Status pernikahannya
4. Kedudukan sosialnya.

Kata-kata yang dapat diberi akhiran -hood tidak banyak jumlahnya. Kata-kata tersebut adalah :
1. Childhood = masa anak-anak
    Contoh : I cannot remember anything that happened in my childhood.
2. Boyhood = masa anak-anak untuk laki-laki    
    Contoh : He was naughty in his boyhood
3. Brotherhood = 1. Rasa persaudaraan
    Contoh : One of the main purposes of this organization is to promote brotherhood among its members.
                            2. (Para anggota) Perkumpulan yang mempunyai tujuan bersama khususnya agama
       Contoh : Our brotherhood has a membership of two hundred.
4. False hood  = 1. Penyataan yang salah
    Contoh : How can you utter such false hoods?
                           2. Kebohongan
    Contoh : How can you expect me to believe him? 
                   Everybody know he is full of falsehoods
5. Fatherhood = Keadaan menjadi ayah
    Contoh : The birth of his first child has given him a pround sense of fatherhood
6. Girlhood = masa anak-anak untu perempuan
    Contoh : I learned to be independent early in my girlhood, when i lost both my parents.
7. Knighthood = 1. Pangkat kesatriaan Inggris
    Contoh : Having won many battles, he was given a knighthood
                           2. Para kesatria     
    Contoh : Many stories of the past, true or legendary, have been based on English knighthood
8. Likelihood = kemungkinan
    Contoh : There is no likelihood of his being appointed president.
9. Motherhood = Keadaan menjadi ibu
    In villages, girls at the age of 16 or 17 have already entered motherhood
10. Neighbourhood = 1. Daerah sekitar
      Contoh : There are no shops in my neighbourhood
                                   2. Perasaan menjadi tetangga yang baik
      Contoh : Good neighbourhood is necessary for the education of a child.
11. Priesthood = keadaan menjadi Pendeta atau ulama
      Contoh : He decided to spend the rest of his life in priesthood
12. Sisterhood = Kebiarawatian
      Contoh : Sisterhoods can be found in the Roman Catholic Church
13. Widowhood = kejandaan
      Contoh : After the death of her husband, she spent the rest of her life in widowhood
14. Womanhood = 1. Wanita pada umumnya
      Contoh : When she speaks for the emancipation of women she speaks for all womanhood
                               2. Kewanitaan
      Contoh : My youngest sister died before she reached womanhood.

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