Senin, 27 Agustus 2018

Kosakata Istilah Hukum Dalam Bahasa Inggris

Berikut beberapa kosakata istilah hukum dalam bahasa Inggris beserta dengan artinya :
Witness = saksi
Case = kasus
Court = pengadilan
Victim = korban
Suspect = tersangka
Prosecution = penuntutan
Contempt of court = menghina pengadilan
Justice collaborator = saksi pelaku yang bekerja sama
Jurisprudence = ilmu hukum
Punishment = hukuman
Legal = sah
Enforcement = pelaksanaan
Legal standing = kedudukan hukum
Judicial review = peninjauan kembali
Arrest = menangkap
Violence = kekerasan
Subsection = ayat
State Gazette = Lembaran Negara
Acting = pelaksana harian
On behalf of = atas nama
Rule = aturan
Amendment = perubahan/amandemen
Regulation = peraturan
Ministrial Decree = keputusan menteri
Guilty = bersalah
Presidential Decree = Keputusan Presiden
Innocent = tidak bersalah
Government Ordinance = Peraturan Pemerintah
Inheritance = warisan
Threshold = ambang batas
Domicile = tempat kedudukan
District Attorney = jaksa wilayah
Contract = kontrak
Access to Justice = sama rata sama rasa
Malpractice = kelalaian dalam tugas
Affirmative actions = diskriminasi positif
Moot = bahan perdebatan
Attorney General = Jaksa Agung
Evidence = bukti
Whistle blower = pelapor tindak pidana/perdata
Brief = laporan singkat
Marital property = harta hasil pernikahan
Code = kitab undang-undang


Shifting burden of proof = pembuktian terbalik
Evidently = terbukti
Senate hearing = sidang senat
Bail = uang jaminan


Act = undang-undang
Stolen asset recovery = pengembalian aset tindak kejahatan
Constitution = Undang-undang Dasar
Law = hukum
Juvenile court = pengadilan anak
Section = pasal
Variance = perbedaan
Article = ayat

Tax Registration Number = Nomor Pokok Wajib Pajak
Waiver = surat pernyataan melepaskan tuntutan
Letter of Business Permit = Surat Ijin Usaha
Venue = Tempat Kejadian Perkara
Ad Interim = pejabat sementara
Acting official = pelakasana tugas
Adjudication = Keputusan Pengadilan
Investigation and Interrogation Report = Berita Acara Pemeriksaan
Lawyer = pengacara
Company Registration = Tanda Daftar Pemeriksaan
Attorney = Jakasa
Expatriate Placement Plan = Rencana Penempatan Tenaga Kerja Asing
Trial = peradilan
Deed Establishment = Akta Pendirian
Birth Certificate = Akta Lahir

Right = hak
Marriage Certificate  Akta Perkawinan
Criminal = penjahat
Land  Title Deed = Akta Tanah
Murder = pembunuhan
State Budget = Anggaran Negara
Judicial = berhubungan dengan pengadilan
Land Deed Official = Pejabat Pembuat Akta Tanah
Negligence = kelalaian
Building Rights Title = Hak Guna Bangunan
Justice = keadilan
Freehold Title = Hak Guna Usaha
Forfeit = denda
Freehold Title = Sertifikat Hak Milik
Dissent = perbedaan pendapat
Income Tax = Pajak Penghasilan
Equity = persamaan
Docket = acara pengadilan
Fiduciary = gadai
Value Added Tax = Pajak Pertambahan Nilai
Fact = kejadian sesungguhnya
Presumption of Innocence = Praduga Tak Bersalah
Forgery = pemalsuan
Non Tax Income = Pendapatan Tidak Kena Pajak
Deed = perbuatan
Criminal Code = Kitab Hukum Pidana
Discrimination = pembedaan
Criminal Law = Hukum Pidana
Decree = dekrit
Criminal Code Procedures = Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Acara Pidana


Felony = kejahatan
Civil law = hukum perdata
Testimony = kesaksian


Foreclosure = penyitaan
Voidable = dapat dibatalkan
Argue = membantah


Judge = hakim
Hearsay = desas-desus
Justice = keadilan
Intervention = campur tangan
Delinquency = kenakalan
Injuction = perintah
Judge pro tempore = hakim pengganti
Jury = wasit
Levy = retribusi
Jurisprudence = putusan hakim
Execute = pelaksanaan hukuman
Declaration = pernyataan
Pleading = pembelaan
Escrow = wasiat yang disimpan pihak ketiga
Petition = petisi
Extradition = pengusiran
Probation = masa percobaan
Plea = permohonan
Judgement = penilaian
Jurisdiction = wilayah hukum

Litigate = mengajukan perkara
Indictment = dakwaan
Objection = keberatan
Interogate = menanyakan

Litigation = proses jalannya perkara
Parole = pembebasan bersyarat
Notarize = mensahkan
Quash = membatalkan
Ordinance = peraturan
Seal = segel
Litigant = pihak yang terlibat dalam perkara

Summons = panggilan
Statute = anggaran dasar
Removal = penghapusan
Lien = hak gadai

Seizure = penyitaan
Verdict = putusan
Satisfaction = pelunasan
Tenancy = sewa menyewa
Rebuttal = bantahan

Slander = fitnah
Restitution = ganti rugi
Remand = menyerahkan
Vacate = mengosongkan
Quorum = batas kehadiran dalam rapat




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